بانك مقالات پژوهشي بهداشت روان كشور (مندرج در مجلات علمي)
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Nojomi M, Malakouti SK, Bolhari J, Poshtmashhadi M A predictor model for suicide attempt: evidence from a population-based study.
Archives of Iranian Medcine, Oct 2007
Volume: 10 / No: 4
/ Issue: _ / pages: 452
Language of the Full Text: English Abstract: BACKGROUND: There is an extreme need for planning to prevent suicide in developing countries. It is necessary to detect the risk factors of this problem and plan to control them. The aim of this study was to determine a predictive model for suicide attempt based on its risk factors in order to give information for planning therapeutic, preventive, and educational interventions in Karaj City. METHODS: The setting was Karaj City, Tehran Province, Iran and the study design was cross-sectional. In this study, data were collected by using the World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire of SUPRE-MISS study. The questionnaire included questions about demographic characteristics, personal and family history of suicide behaviors, use of psychotropic drugs, physical and mental disorders, and community stress. All parts of the questionnaire were filled out by interview. A total of 2300 individuals participated in this study having considered the 1.2% prevalence of suicide attempt in the pilot study, and with type one error rate of 5%, the sample size was calculated as 2300. RESULTS: About 65% of the participants were females. Most of the participants had high-school education (48%) and 57.2% of them were married. Housewives included most of the occupation categories (46%). The mean age of the suicide attempters and nonattempters was 26 (+/-9) and 32 (+/-13) years, respectively. This difference was statistically significant. Younger age, female sex, history of mental disorders, lifelong use of tobacco and alcohol, and unemployment were the independent predictors of suicide attempt. CONCLUSION: Prevention of suicide is possible by understanding its risk factors and planning to control them.
Shooshtary MH, Malakouti SK, Bolhari J, Nojomi M, Poshtmashhadi M, Amin SA, Bertolote JM, Fleischmann A Community study of suicidal behaviors and risk factors among Iranian adults.
Arch Suicide Res, 2008
Volume: 12 / No: 2
/ Issue: _ / pages: 141
Language of the Full Text: English Abstract: The present study is part of the WHO/SUPRE-MISS conducted in Iran. The aim of the study was to determine the lifetime prevalence of suicide behaviors in a community sample of Iranian adults. Five hundred and four families were selected randomly according to electricity bills in Karaj, 45 km from the capital city, represented the catchment area for this investigation. The SUPRE-MISS questionnaires used in this study compromised a variety of aspects of suicidal behaviors. Lifetime prevalence rates for suicidal ideation, planning and attempts were 14%, 6.6%, and 4.1% respectively. Tobacco users and long-term mental and physical disabilities were significantly higher among subjects with a history of suicidal attempts. Younger ages, tobacco abuse, and long-term mental or physical disabilities could be considered risk factors for attempting suicide.
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بانك اطلاعات پژوهش بهداشت روان كشور
دانشگاه علوم پزشكي و خدمات بهداشتي درماني تهران